A Day in the Life of a Grammar Student

Would you like to know what silly nonesense we are working on in my grammar class? Yes?! Okay, I’ll share. We are currently finding simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences. In case you have no idea what these types of sentences are, I shall now enlighten you.

Simple: Your basic subject-verb sentence. Has one independent clause and no dependent clauses.

Compound: Two or more independent clauses, no dependent clauses.

Complex: One independent clause, one or more dependent clauses.

Compound-Complex: Two or more independent clauses, one or more dependent clauses.

Clause: A phrase with a subject and verb

Independent clause: A complete clause (can stand alone).

Dependent clause: An incomplete clause (relies on the rest of the sentence).

———————

Sounds like FUN right?! So my professor gives us a list of sentences and we are to figure out to which category they belong. Let’s take the sentence:

The team captain jumped for joy, and the fans cheered because we won the state championship.

Step one: Get rid of prep phrases (this is necessary because your subject will never be in a prep phrase, and those little devils can be tricky.)

The team captain jumped for joy, and the fans cheered because we won the state championship.

Step two: Find any and all independent clauses.

The team captain jumped for joy, and the fans cheered because we won the state championship.

Step three: Find any and all dependent clauses.

The team captain jumped for joy, and the fans cheered because we won the state championship.

Step four: Review your sentence and see which category it belongs to.

# of Independent clauses: 2

# of Dependent clauses: 1

Category: COMPOUND-COMPLEX!

Wasn’t that just so much fun! Now YOU TOO can figure out what types of sentences you are speaking and writing, any time of the day, any day of the year!

You’re welcome.

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